Welcome to the 82nd Airborne 505th Glider Infantry Regiment

Belgian 505th Pir Reenactment - group 82nd Airborne Division 

Info Pagina Reenactment - Group Belgium 505 PIR  

HISTORY OF THE 505TH PIR 

Adoption graves from our members 

Farewell of our good friends ..  

http://www.6juin1944.com/index.php

 

Salerno
The Regiment arrived to its first battle, not by air, but by sea.  Boarding beach landing craft, the Regiment was sent to Salerno from the island of Sicily to reinforce American units already there.  On September 15th at about 2300, they landed at Paestum, some eighteen miles south of Salerno where they awaited orders.  Daybreak on the 16th brought orders.  The 2nd Battalion was to re-board the landing craft and farther north to the town of Maiori.  Here they were to be attached to Colonel William O. Darby's Ranger Task Force and relieve Ranger units currently holding positions on 4000 foot Mount St. Angelo di Cava.  The Battalion was welcomed the next morning by a German artillery barrage.  The Germans probed the Battalion lines.  Despite numerous attempts to throw the Glidermen off the mountain, the Americans held their ground.  It was here that the Regiment received its first casualties of the war. 

Normandy - D-Day
On 7 June 1944, D-Day plus one, the Regiment landed by glider in Normandy and participated in the invasion of France. On 9 June, Private First Class Charles N. Deglopper single-handedly defended his platoon's position and subsequently was awarded the Medal of Honor for this action. As soldiers of the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment swooped down to Normandy, other elements of the 82nd Airborne Division were in the process of capturing the town of St. Mere Eglise on an airborne operation behind enemy lines. It was for the success of their effort that the soldiers of the 82nd Airborne Division were awarded the red and green braided French Fourregerre.

The next glider assault for the 325th was during Operation Market Garden, the largest airborne operation ever conducted.  During this battle, the 325th landed among German positions that had surrounded other elements of the 82nd Airborne Division. This glider attack turned the tide of battle and earned the Regiment the Distinguished Unit Citation.

The Ardennes - Battle of the Bulge
Suddenly, on December 16, 1944, the Germans launched a surprise offensive through the Ardennes Forest which caught the Allies 325th GIR Company K completely by surprise. Two days later the 82nd joined the fighting and blunted General Von Runstedt's northern penetration in the American lines.

Originally, the 82nd Airborne was to defend Bastogne but the 101st Airborne drew that assignment and the 82nd was sent north to Werbomont. The 325th dug in around the crossroads at Baraque de Fraiture and held. During the intense fight in December 1944 The 325th decimated two German Divisions.

Battle of the Bulge - The Ardennes Offensive
Suddenly, on December 16, 1944, the Germans launched a surprise offensive through the Ardennes Forest which caught the Allies completely by surprise. The 82nd moved into action on December 17th in reponse to the German's Ardennes Counteroffensive and blunted General Von Runstedt's (picture left) northern penetration in the American lines. On December 20th the 82nd attacked in the Vielsalm-St. Vith region and the 504th PIR took Monceau. This fiece attack forced the German units back across the Ambleve River the next day.

However, further German assaults along the Salm hit the 505th PIR in the Trois Ponts area on December 22nd and by December 24th the division lost Manhay. On December 25th, 1944 the division withdrew from the Vielsalm salient then attacked northeast of Bra on December 27th reaching Salm by January 4th, 1945.

 

 

505_riggers_pred_day_thumb34

http://www.ww2-airborne.us/

 Gavin, James Maurice (1907 - 1990) van gewone soldaat tot Luitenant Generaal

James Maurice Gavin werd op 22 maart 1907 in New York geboren als zoon van een ongetrouwde Ierse immigrant. Op ongeveer tweejarige leeftijd werd hij geplaatst in een weeshuis van de stad New York en werd hij uiteindelijk geadopteerd door het mijnwerkersgezin Gavin uit Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania. In dit gezin leerde hij wat hard werken en discipline was; eigenschappen waar hij later zijn voordeel mee zou doen.

 

Al vroeg in zijn jeugd had Gavin het besluit genomen geen mijnwerker te willen worden en in 1924 op 17-jarige leeftijd schreef hij zich dan ook in bij het Amerikaanse leger. Hij begon zijn carrière als soldaat bij het 16de Coast Artillery Regiment en niet veel later was hij korporaal in het 2de Coast Artillery Regiment. Zijn capaciteiten waren veelbelovend en in 1925 werd hij toegelaten tot de Militaire Academie van West Point. Na 4 jaar rondde Gavin deze opleiding met succes af en tot aan 1941 was hij bij verschillende legeronderdelen gestationeerd. In deze jaren verdiepte hij zich in de militaire geschiedenis en ontwikkelde Gavin zich als een voorstander van mobiliteit in oorlogsvoering.

Deze interesse in mobiliteit speelde zeker een rol bij Gavin's keuze om zich in augutus 1941 aan te melden bij de parachutisten. Op Fort Benning volgde hij daarvoor een opleiding en werd hij geplaatst bij het 503de Parachute Infantry Regiment, waar hij als kapitein een compagnie onder zijn hoede kreeg. Maar al gauw kwam Gavin bij het hoogste para-commando terecht: het stafkwartier van de Provisional Parachute Group, waar hij verantwoordelijk was voor de afdeling Planning en Training. Een functie waarin Gavin met zijn ideeën over mobiliteit kon experimenteren. Mede door deze functie stond Gavin ook aan de wieg van de vorming van de eerste luchtlandingsdivisie van het Amerikaanse leger: de 82ste Airborne Divisie. In juli 1942 werd Gavin aangewezen als commandant van het 505de Parachute Infantry Regiment van de 82ste Airborne Divisie, toen onder leiding van Generaal Majoor Matthew Ridgway. Eén jaar later, in juli 1943, maakte Gavin met dit regiment zijn eerste 'combat jump' tijdens operatie Huskey I, als onderdeel van de invasie van Sicilië. In september van dat zelfde jaar maakte  Gavin met zijn regiment nog een haastig geplande sprong ter ondersteuning van het Amerikaanse 5de Leger bij operatie 'Avalanche', de invasie van het vasteland van Italië in de Salerno baai. 'Slim Jim' - zo genoemd vanwege zijn atletische gestalte - was zeer geliefd bij zijn mannen. Niet alleen vanwege zijn goed militair brein, maar ook omdat hij regelmatig voor bij de frontlinies te vinden was. Iets dat de gewone soldaat zeer kon waarderen.

Op 10 oktober 1943 werd Gavin benoemd tot assistent divisie commandant en kreeg daarbij de rang van Brigade Generaal. Tijdens de planning van de invasie van Normandië was Gavin Eisenhower's adviseur op het gebied van de luchtlandingstroepen en op 6 juni maakte Gavin zijn derde 'combat jump' met de 'All American'. Toen na de strijd in Frankrijk Ridgeway het bevel kreeg van het Amerikaanse 18de Airborne Corps, werd Gavin op 16 augustus 1944 de jongste divisiecommandant van het Amerikaanse leger door het bevel van de 82ste Airborne Divisie op zich te nemen. In die hoedanigheid sprong 'the jumping general' op 17 september 1944 boven Groesbeek onder de codenaam operatie 'Market Garden'. In oktober kreeg Gavin zijn tweede ster en was hij Generaal Majoor.

Toen de Duitsers het Ardennenoffensief startten was Gavin als gevolg van Ridgway's afwezigheid naast divisiecommandant ook tijdelijk korpscommandant en werden ook zijn troepen ingezet om het tij te keren. Na de Duitse opmars tot stilstand te hebben gebracht, volgde de opmars door Duitsland. Gavin zou de oorlog beëindigen in Berlijn waar de 82ste Airborne Divisie als bezettingsmacht diende. Zijn gelobby destijds heeft er voor gezorgd dat de 82st Airborne Divisie niet ontbonden zou worden en als enige airborne divisie in het Amerikaanse leger zou blijven bestaan.

Na de oorlog bleef Gavin nog in dienst en was achtereenvolgens chef-staf van het 5de Leger en van de geallieerde strijdkrachten in Zuid-Europa en bevelhebbend generaal van het 7de Korps in West-Duitsland. In 1955 werd hij Luitenant Generaal en hoofd van de afdeling Onderzoek & Ontwikkeling van het Amerikaanse leger. Hij werd een tegenstander van zijn vroegere collega Eisenhower, wiens verdedigingsbeleid volgens Gavin te veel afhankelijk was van nucleaire wapens. Na zijn pensioen was Gavin onder President Kennedy ambassadeur in Frankrijk in de periode 1961-1963 en werd hij een prominent criticus van de oorlog in Vietnam. Gavin zijn kritiek was niet zo zeer uit vredelievende overwegingen, maar puur gericht op het gevoerde militair strategisch beleid. Op 23 februari 1990 stierf James Gavin, een alom gerespecteerd man, op 82-jarige leeftijd.

 We have started this group to portray and honour the men of the 82nd Airborne 505th PIR Parachute Infantry Regiment and all other Veterans who have served during WW2. We have a great respect for all those brave men who were fighting far from there homes for our freedom. Most of our members have adopted one or more graves from US soldiers buried in Belgium, some of us have contact with relatives in the States and have established a close bond with them. We have chosen this unit because we have friends in the States, France and the UK who are portraying this unit also and who we join at several events in Belgium and France. One of these events is the March in the footsteps of the 82nd. This is a march held for more then 25 years by a good friend of ours , Emile Lacroix. Another great event is Normandy. Our good friend from the US, Tom Mc ardle,  goes with us in to the fields giving us tactical lessons, information, history, drill and lots more. We march during the day and night, cross hedgerows, fields, …. We do this in full WW2-gear .  This gives us a better view about the conditions of the men who were dropt in to Normandy and lost there unit and buddies in a strange country with bullets flying around. We met several veterans who told us their stories. We are proud and happy to remember them and there fallen Brothers .We will do this with honour and wear our uniforms always with pride and respect .

 NEVER FORGET  !!!

HISTORY OF THE 505TH PIR

 
6 july 1942 Fort benning,Georgia

The 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment was activated under the Airborne Command, Fort Bragg, North Carolina. The Regiment was assigned to the 82d Airborne Division On 4 February 1943 , and arrived at Fort Bragg, North Carolina on 12 February 1943.During WW2, the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment participated in seven major campaigns and four regimental airborne assaults, the 505th left the New York Port  for Casablanca, North Africa on 28 April 1943,  where the regiment had six weeks of intensive and hard training. The Regiment then flew to Kairouan, Tunisia where they waited before they made there first entry into battle. On 9 July 1943, just over a year after it's activation the 505th made the first regimental size combat parachute attack as it landed behind enemy lines at Gela, Sicily (Italy).The 505th , though outmanned and outgunned, used  courage and fighting spirit to block the Herman Goering Panzer Division and saved the beachhead and the Allied landings. With Sicily secure, the Allies continued attack on the Axis powers with landings on the Italian mainland. The second combat parachute attack of the 505th PIR was on 14 September 1943, into Salerno, Italy and became the first unit to enter Naples. During the early months of 1944, the Division was moved to England as the allies were preparing for the assault on Western Europe. The largest combined military operation in history, "D-Day" 6 June 1944, at 0300 hours, the paratroopers of the 505th were landing on the Normandy Peninsula. They were one of the first airborne units to hit the ground and liberated the first town in France, St. Mere-Eglise. The paratroopers jumped prior to the actual start of the invasion "H-Hour". Because of that tradition, of being the first into the fight, the 505th Regimental motto is "H-MINUS". For their performance in the invasions the 505th was awarded the Presidential unit citation, the unit equivalent of the Medal of Honor awarded to individual soldiers. The paratroopers emerged from Normandy with the reputation of being a pack of jackals; the toughest, most resourceful and bloodthirsty in Europe. On 17 September 1944, as part of "Operation Market Garden"., the 505th made its fourth jump at Groesbeck, Holland, the largest airborne assault in history. During that  combat, two lightly armed platoons, were surrounded by an entire German Infantry Battalion supported by tanks. The paratroopers fought back three German assaults and held their ground until relieved. The 505th received a second Presidential unit citation. Later that winter the airborne troopers were thrown into the breach of the famous "Battle of the Bulge". Despite a lack of cold weather equipment once again airborne spirit, courage, and hard-nosed determination won the day as the 505th withstood the bleak winter and stopped the fanatic German attacks cold. For its valor in the seven major campaigns the 505th was awarded with two Distinguished Unit Citations and three Foreign decorations: the French Forragere, Netherlands Military Order of William, and Belgium Forragere .

Webmasters Lou and Erwin Peters

Email : Erwin Peters [cpt.peters@telenet.be]

 

MURPHY, Col. Robert M. Bob Of South Dennis and Bonita Springs, Florida, formerly of Roslindale and Westwood , MA., passed away peacefully on Friday, October 3, 2008, at Cape Cod Hospital, surrounded by his loving family. He was predeceased by his beloved wife of 35 years, Barabara(Atwood) Murphy (2002), and his former beloved wife of 16 years, Joanne "Murray" Murphy (1962). Bob was born on July 7, 1925, in Boston to Joseph and Anna Murphy, brother to Steven Murphy, and sister Virginia "Murphy" Healy, and pre-deceased by his brother, Walter Murphy. Robert joined the United States Army October 1, 1942, serving in World War II, with the 82nd Airborne in Italy, Holland, Africa, and Normandy, France. He received the Purple Heart (3), Valor (2), Bronze Star, Medal of Honor as well as the highest honor given by France, "The Legion of Honor". Bob Murphy was a proud member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Boston, Ma. He is the author of the book "No Better Place to Die" depicting D-Day, June 6, 1944 in Saint-Mere-Eglise, Normandy, France, where Bob had returned to in the 60's to continue skydiving with his veteran friends, as well as, the airborne divisions of France and Canada. He celebrated and honored the events of D-Day his entire adult life keeping alive the memory and importance of this historical time for he and his brothers in arms along with his adopted family of Normandy, France. Bob received his J.D. at Suffolk U., Boston, 1950; post grad., Harvard U., 1969. Bob practiced law with the firm of Murphy and Murphy in Boston; asst. atty. gen. Commonwealth of Mass. 1989-91. Chmn. Mass. Parachute Comm., Boston and Orange, Mass., 1960-63; CEO, Nat. Check Protection Svc., Inc., 1994-96, Col. USAR (ret.) Mem 82nd Airborne Divsn. Assn. (pres.) 1960-61, 94, bd. dirs.), 505 Parachute Inf. Regt. Assn. (pres. 1991-92, 2008). Roman Catholic Avocations; skydiving, travel, ancient history. Bob leaves behind his two children, Dion Murphy of Bonita Springs, and Christina Murphy Mazgelis of Osterville, MA, and stepchildren, Robert Wilkinson, Cheryl Ludwig, Helen Mazzoni and Dana Lukens. He is predeceased by his sons Robert Michael, and Gary Vincent, and his daughter, Marie Bernadette, his stepdaughters, Brenda Wilkinson and Barbara Jo Menzel. He is also survived by his grandchildren Ryan K. Murphy, Eden Brumini, Cassandra and Ian Mazgelis, Calvin and Tara Kennedy, Nate and Spencer Lukens, Mathew and Dana Marie Mazzoni, Hamish and Seth S. Wilkinson, Eric and Andrew Ludwig, Alyssa and Brittany Ayalla, and three great grand children. e is also survived by adoring cousins, nephews and nieces, and companion, Gloria O'Brien of Concord. He is loved, honored and respected by a magnitude of close friends throughout the world. His legacy and his love for living life to its fullest will be remembered and carried on by all those who were lucky enough to have had him in their lives. He will always be a hero, a warrior, and a legend to his country, family and friends. The world is a better place for having had Bob Murphy in it. Geronimo! Visiting hours will be in the John-Lawrence Funeral Home, 3778 Falmouth Rd.(Rte28) MARSTONS MILLS on Tuesday Oct. 7, 2008 from 2-4 & 7-9 PM. A funeral mass will be celebrated on Wednesday Oct. 8, at 11AM in Our Lady of Victory Church, 230 S. Main St. Centerville. Burial will be in the Massachusetts National Cemetery at 12:45 PM. In lieu of flowers, please send donations to the VFW Foundation, Suite 514, Kansas City, Missouri 64111

 

***

 

 http://www.6juin1944.com/index.php

Webmaster Lou and Erwin Peters ,

Email : Erwin Peters [cpt.peters@telenet.be]